Advanced manure standards for sustainable nutrient management and reduced emissions

October 2017 -
December 2019


Policy area:
2. Natural resources 2.1 Clear waters


Agriculture releases large amounts of nutrients into the Baltic Sea, with a significant amount of emissions from animal manure. In this project, policy makers, authorities, advisors, farmers and researchers create, test and implement tools to determine manure standards for farming practices and policy instruments. The new manure standards are to improve nutrient recycling and reduce nutrient inflow in the Baltic Sea.



A reliable basis for better use of manure

Efficient management of manure is an important way to reduce nutrient loading to the Baltic Sea. Valuable manure nutrients should be recycled more effectively. Reliable information on manure quantity and quality is a prerequisite for resource-efficient manure management, fertilization and processing into new products.

Baltic-wide cooperation for advanced manure standards

All Baltic Sea countries have own systems for determining manure quantity and quality. This results in variable, incomparable manure data across the region. The project MANURE STANDARDS develops new Baltic guidelines for manure data provision. They are to improve the comparability of manure data, transparency of the national systems, allowing the countries to learn from each other, and guarantee a level playing field for practical manure use and manure policies. The project also assesses the impact of using this new manure data on the environment and farm economy.

Benefit to farmers, advisors, policymakers, research and business

The improved quality and the comparability of manure data allows for more precise manure fertilization plans and farm-level nutrient book keeping. It also serves as a tool towards more effective policy instruments directing manure use. Furthermore, this supports planning towards nutrient recycling via manure processing. Implementation in national actions results in enhanced manure nutrient recycling and reduced emission also in transnational scale.

Highlights by mid-term:

The partners developed tools to calculate manure quantity and quality on the farms, for example guidance for manure sampling and analysis. The partners collected 800 manure samples from different pilot farms in nine Baltic Sea region countries and analysed them for nutrients in different laboratories. Farmers from pilot farms can learn about the contents of phosphorus and nitrogen in the manure from their farm and plan the fertilisation of their lands more efficiently. They can start using the available manure as organic fertiliser instead of bought mineral fertiliser. In this way, they can save money without harming the environment or polluting the waters. Once finalised, farmers could use this tool on animal farms with different animal species and manure types. This guidance allows for collecting transnationally comparable manure throughout the whole Baltic Sea region in a similar way.

Project Stories


€ 2.87
€ 1.91
Eni + Russia
€ 0.36
€ 0.00


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Project manager

Natural Resources Institute Finland Luke

Sari Luostarinen

358 403 557 028

Legal representative

Natural Resources Institute Finland Luke

Johanna Buchert


Financial manager

Natural Resources Institute Finland Luke

Raili Keronen


Communication manager

Natural Resources Institute Finland Luke

Miitta Eronen