Innovative management solutions for minimizing emissions of hazardous substances from urban areas in the Baltic Sea Region
The pollution of the Baltic Sea from urban areas is a common problem, which cannot be solved by a single country. The project will implement concrete substance reduction measures and make the Baltic Sea region a front runner in chemicals management at the local level.
Water Management in Baltic Forests
The project aims at tackling problems concerning forestry activities in relation to water quality. Special emphasis is set on clear water, nutrient export and hazardous substances, such as mercury. The project works on three main topics that all have a large impact on water quality: riparian forests, drainage and beaver activity.
Interactive WAter MAnagement
The project aims to improve the resource efficiency in wastewater management in the Baltic Sea Region by capacity development of the wastewater treatment operators and implementation of pilot investments, which will result in reduced nutrient inflows to the Baltic Sea
Baltic Blue Growth - Initiation of full scale mussel farming in the Baltic sea
One of the most serious challenges the Baltic Sea is facing is eutrophication, the enrichment of ecosystems by chemical nutrients. The objective of the project is to remove nutrients from the Baltic Sea Region by farming and harvesting blue mussels. This may be a stand-alone measure to counteract eutrophication, but can also become a business model for the feed industry and be used in symbiosis with fish farms.
Baltic Blue Biotechnology Alliance
The project will bring together blue biotechnology actors from across the Baltic Sea Region to develop innovative marine biotechnology based products and services in response to the EU Sustainable Blue Growth Agenda for the Baltic Sea Region—a blueprint for harnessing the region’s strengths to boost innovation and growth in the maritime area.
Decision Aid for Marine Munitions
The project aims at supporting maritime, defence and environmental administrations in making decisions on management strategies for dumped chemical and conventional warfare in the Baltic Sea and the Skagerrak to assess the risk associated with corroding warfare objects, such as dumped containers filled with munitions.
MARELITT Baltic - Reducing the impact of marine litter in the form of Derelict Fishing Gear (DFG) on the Baltic Sea environment
Derelict fishing gear is addressed worldwide as a source of marine litter with extensive hazardous effects on the marine ecosystem. The project will be the first transnational initiative in the world providing an operation oriented, all target groups involved, all-in-one solution to turn a diffuse problem into a clear, transparent and apprehensible topic contributing to an enhanced international readiness to act. It will contribute to a Baltic Sea free from marine litter and hazardous substances and it will increase sustainable treatment of derelict fishing gear.
Coherent Linear Infrastructures in Baltic Maritime Spatial Plans
The project seeks to increase transnational coherence of shipping routes and energy corridors in Maritime Spatial Plans (MSP) in the Baltic Sea Region. This will prevent cross border mismatches and secures transnational connectivity, as well as efficient use of Baltic Sea space.
Integrated Baltic offshore wind electricity grid development
The project aims to contribute to sustainable indigenous electricity generation, further integration of electricity markets and security of supply in the Baltic Sea Region by optimizing the potential and efficiency of offshore wind energy. It will present plans for a coordinated Baltic Sea offshore grid and significantly reduce one of the most important bottlenecks for the development of renewable energy sources in the Baltic Sea Region.
Reducing nitrogen loss from livestock production by promoting the use of slurry acidification techniques in the Baltic Sea Region
Livestock manure is the main source of ammonia nitrogen emissions in the Baltic Sea Region. It not only threatens the status of the Baltic Sea, but also directly threaten human health. This project will promote the use of slurry acidification technologies throughout the Baltic Sea Region to reduce airborne eutrophication and create a more competitive and sustainable farming sector.
Water emissions and their reduction in village communities – villages in Baltic Sea Region as pilots
Discharge from households not connected to urban waste water treatment plants, called scattered dwellings, is the third largest diffuse of nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea. The main challenge of this project is to find the most cost effective and environmentally friendly wastewater treatment solutions for the households in order to decrease wastewater emissions into the Baltic Sea.
Co-producing and co-financing renewable community energy projects
When citizens join forces to set up, finance and manage energy production based on renewables in their region, we call it renewable community energy. The project gives municipalities, regional energy planning agencies and citizens’ associations across the Baltic Sea region the information they need to start and run community energy projects in their regions.
Advanced manure standards for sustainable nutrient management and reduced emissions
Agriculture releases large amounts of nutrients into the Baltic Sea, with a significant amount of emissions from animal manure. In this project, policy makers, authorities, advisors, farmers and researchers create, test and implement tools to determine manure standards for farming practices and policy instruments. The new manure standards are to improve nutrient recycling and reduce nutrient inflow in the Baltic Sea.
Hazardous industrial chemicals in the IED BREFs
The Industrial Emissions Directive is the main instrument on the EU level to control hazardous substances that are released from industrial sites. However, its reference documents, or BREFs, currently lack specific information on certain hazardous substances. The project aims to close this knowledge gap so that industry and authorities can manage hazardous substances being released into the Baltic Sea better.
Clear waters from pharmaceuticals
Active pharmaceutical ingredients are active medicines, e.g. hormones, analgesics and antibiotics, that contaminate the water and marine life if disposed into the Baltic Sea. Following HELCOM’s status report on pharmaceuticals, partners from seven countries work on tools and recommendations for policy makers, authorities and municipalities to map sources and environmental concentrations of these ingredients and propose methods to reduce these harmful emissions.
Low Temperature District Heating for the Baltic Sea Region
District heating systems are widespread around the Baltic Sea but are often outdated. Future-oriented energy supply includes low temperature district heating systems that lose less heat and use renewable energy and waste as heat sources. LowTEMP addresses municipal representatives responsible for urban and energy issues, heat suppliers, planners, engineers and energy agencies, and provides them with knowledge on technical, organisational and financial strategies to implement low temperature district heating.
Effective Financing Tools for implementing Energy Efficiency in Buildings
Energy efficiency projects are not typical investments: they do not result in direct revenues but rather in non-expenses, i.e. through energy savings. The project enables public building managers to calculate and plan renovation projects in a more profitable way and to convincingly present the scope and return of such investments to financial decision makers. The project thus wants to increase the amount of energy efficiency measures implemented by the public sector.
Development, promotion and sustainable management of the Baltic Sea Region as a coastal fishing tourism destination.
Recreational fishing in the Baltic Sea, which partly relies on sea trout, has untapped potential for growth and sustainable jobs. The project aims to showcase destinations for coastal fishing and advise on relevant policy regulations. It proposes solutions for efficient restoration of sea trout stock in order to boost the coastal fishing industry.
Better Efficiency for Industrial Sewage Treatment
Industrial waste waters are a considerable challenge for municipal waste water treatment plants as they require special treatment and management. In this project, local water utilities, waste water treatment plants, industrial companies and permitting authorities elaborate and test guidelines and procedures for a more efficient management of industrial sewage.
Accelerating production of forest bioenergy in the Baltic Sea Region
There is a growing demand for forest biomass from by-products of the wood industry to be used as a source of renewable energy. The project exploits logging residues, which are usually discarded after forest harvests, and small trees that are cut during forest thinning. Along with guidelines for using new technology, the project compiles information on wood energy potential to shape innovative business models and develop small-scale bioenergy plants in rural areas of the Baltic Sea region.
Baltic Smart City Areas for the 21st century
The idea of the project is to bring together authorities, energy providers and citizens within their city districts to find and apply the best solutions for saving energy, thus decreasing CO2 emissions. To achieve this, the project enables local and regional authorities from cities around the Baltic Sea to run cooperative planning processes. Such processes help authorities to work together across different sectors, to understand citizens’ motives and barriers, and to activate relevant players in city neighbourhoods.
Baltic Sea Region Integrated Maritime Cultural Heritage Management
BalticRIM aims to integrate management of cultural heritage in and at the Baltic Sea into maritime spatial planning. Coastal and underwater cultural heritage such as ship wrecks and archaeological sites can help brand cities and regions, attract talent and foster tourism. Currently, such heritage sites are not systematically included in maritime spatial plans across the Baltic Sea. The project helps to identify and designate maritime cultural heritage zones by bringing heritage managers together with spatial planners.
Act Now: Action for Energy Efficiency in Baltic Cities
Europe’s biggest energy resource is energy efficiency – and one way of becoming more energy efficient is decreasing the energy consumption needed to heat buildings. The project tackles energy efficiency in the existing building stock of smaller and larger cities around the Baltic Sea. The project’s aim is to help municipal staff involved in energy efficiency measures by improving their knowledge about energy losses, competences for preparing investments, and skills to stimulate private investments in energy efficiency.
Sustainable manure and nutrient management for reduction of nutrient loss in the Baltic Sea Region
A large share of the nutrient load into the Baltic Sea comes from industrial agriculture. More efficient manure management would reduce the negative impact of farming on the sea. The platform SuMaNu gathers and synthesises best practices and recommendations on nutrient management from the Interreg Baltic Sea Region projects Manure Standards and Baltic Slurry Acidification, as well as the BONUS project PROMISE and Interreg Central Baltic’s GreenAgri. Best practices and recommendations are translated for and made available to authorities, policy makers, advisors and farmers.
Platform on Integrated Water Cooperation
More coordinated water management across borders can improve the Baltic Sea environment. The Baltic Smart Water Hub connects water experts from companies, associations, authorities, academia and NGOs. The platform BSR WATER fills the hub with knowledge on the management of smart sludge, storm and waste water, manure and energy efficiency. BSR Water builds on the Interreg Baltic Sea Region projects IWAMA, Manure Standards, Village Waters, BEST and Baltic Blue Growth as well as Interreg Central Baltic’s iWater, NutriTrade, Blastic and Waterchain and South Baltic’s RBR.
Bioeconomy for Blue Growth in the Baltic Sea Region – a platform project to capitalize on the outputs of complementary transnational projects
The Blue Platform promotes results from eleven blue bioeconomy projects from Interreg, BONUS and Horizon2020 for authorities, business development organisations and companies as well as national and regional EU funding programmes dealing with blue growth. To improve the framework conditions for blue bioeconomy in the Baltic Sea region, the Blue Platform compiles a manual with joint standards for blue bioeconomy interventions, a Blue Platform Roadmap 2020, and policy papers on the alignment of funding and legislation.
Land-sea interactions advancing Blue Growth in Baltic Sea coastal areas
Coastal municipalities can be affected by new developments in the Baltic Sea, but their interests are not always taken into account in maritime spatial plans. Furthermore, new uses such as marine aquaculture or wind energy generation can conflict with traditional sea activities like fishing, tourism and leisure. The project Land-Sea-Act wants to explore better governance practices to balance local communities’ and small scale businesses’ interests with large scale development and investment interests in maritime spatial planning.
Growing Algae Sustainably in the Baltic Sea
GRASS aims to close the legislative gap for macroalgae cultivation in order to facilitate its introduction to the market as food, energy and consumables, such as plastics. The project maps possible sites for macroalgae cultivation and harvesting, which include implications for spatial planning. It also provides public authorities with training on the licensing, production and use of macroalgae.
Protecting Baltic Sea from untreated wastewater spillages during flood events in urban areas
The NOAH project improves spatial planning and the operation of urban storm water runoff and drainage systems in order to reduce pollution caused by extreme weather such as heavy rains and floods. NOAH develops a new layer for extreme weather events to be used in computer based modelling of drainage. By combining this modelling with traditional city planning techniques, municipal planning shifts from fragmented individual site based planning to a holistic approach covering the entire urban catchment.
Baltic Beach Wrack - Conversion of a Nuisance To a Resource and Asset
The CONTRA project compiles the knowledge required for sustainable management of beach wrack in the Baltic Sea Region and carries out case studies for beach wrack treatment. Beach wrack is organic material washed ashore, e.g. torn off sea grass or brown algae. It can cover Baltic Sea beaches for weeks after storms, rotting into a smelly soup and leaking nutrients back into the water. Managing beach wrack is an issue for local authorities and the tourism industry, in particular of the western and southern Baltic Sea.
Unlocking the Potential of Bio-based Value Chains in the Baltic Sea Region
Unlike wind and sun, biomass can be stored and used when needed, making it a reliable source of energy. The BalticBiomass4Value project wants to increase the efficient and sustainable use of biomass for energy production and valuable bio-products, such as food, feed, fertilisers, chemicals and cosmetics. It develops good practice business models and consultation schemes to support businesses in the Baltic Sea region. It also provides public authorities with guidelines on circular bioeconomy.
Development of Sustainable (adaptive) peatland management by Restoration and paludiculture for nutrient retention and other ecosystem services in the Neman river catchment
The DESIRE project improves the management of drained peatlands around the Neman river to reduce their nutrient and greenhouse gas emissions. The Neman river basin serves as a model area for EU-Russia/non-EU cooperation. DESIRE rehydrates selected drained peatlands and establishes a sustainable form of land use. Such wetlands serve as filters for water running into the river. The project provides instruments and incentives for others to copy the approach, e.g. adapted river basin management plans and agri-environmental schemes.
Lighting the Baltic Sea Region - Cities accelerate the deployment of sustainable and smart urban lighting solutions
The project LUCIA provides municipalities with up-to-date knowledge of energy efficient urban lighting covering aspects of environment, technology, economy and social acceptance. Modern LED lighting has energy savings potential of up to 50% compared to conventional systems. Energy efficient lighting solutions are installed in five sites in Hamburg, Tallinn, Porvoo, Jurmala, and Albertslund to demonstrate this potential.
Water driven rural development in the Baltic Sea Region
Targets for water quality set by national and international legislation such as the Water Framework Directive have not been met yet in many regions around the Baltic Sea. There seems to be a lack of capacity among local authorities to reach these targets and at the same time to develop competitive rural businesses. The WATERDRIVE project enhances local implementation practices for responsible water management by providing tools and training for about 20 rural communities.
FanpLESStic-sea – Initiatiatives to remove microplastics before they enter the sea
Microplastics must be stopped from entering the sea. They stem from many sources, including car tires, waste disposal, textiles and cosmetics. But there is a need to better understand the sources and pathways of microplastics when assessing the efficiency of measures to treat microplastics and improving policies. FanpLESStic-sea provides tools to municipalities, national policy makers, and water utilities to get to work. The project sets up a model to map local pathways of microplastics, pilots removal technologies and defines innovative governance frameworks to reduce microplastics.
Decision Aid for Marine Munitions - Practical Application
The Baltic Sea and Skagerrak contains a dark legacy of ca. 250 000 tons of dumped munitions, poisoning the marine environment. Thanks to the DAIMON project, maritime administrators and spatial planners, environmental agencies, coastguards and military are more aware of the risk. However, they do not sufficiently use newly developed tools for risk analysis, selection of remediation methods as well as environmental impacts assessment. The DAIMON 2 offers training in using the new tools and develops them further into standard operating procedures for the environmental impact assessment.
Baltic Blue Biotechnology Alliance+
The ALLIANCE project has set up a full-fledged service offer (including a business plan) to support companies in developing new marine biotechnology products and services by systematically pooling the capabilities of more than 20 research institutes, innovation agencies and business parks in the Baltic Sea region into a network. ALLIANCE+ operationalises the business plan. The ALLIANCE network is opened up to all blue biotechnology actors. More experts are recruited and trained as “blue detectives”, i.e. mentors who match users to the facilities, services and experts they need to take their product idea to the next level. A training package and handbook for mentors is compiled.
Strengthening the capacity of MSP stakeholders and decision makers
Shipping, aquaculture, nature conservation etc. compete for space at sea. Since the 2014 EU Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Directive, the countries around the Baltic Sea have been elaborating national maritime plans which help to make the right decisions for a sustainable use of the sea. Yet, the Baltic Sea needs coordinated management by all countries. In Capacity4MSP, partners of eleven transnational projects cooperate to advance MSP across the entire macro-region (Baltic Blue Growth/ InteGrid/ LINes/ RIM/ SCOPE, as well as Pan Baltic Scope, Land-Sea-Act, SeaPlanSpace, MUSES, BASMATI, BALTSPACE).
Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Synergies in Energy Efficiency Projects
The negative impacts of climate change upon human and natural ecosystems can be minimised by substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. High energy consuming housing and production sectors still leave a major carbon footprint. The CAMS Platform improves energy efficiency measures by aligning research, recommendations, audits and investments from 11 projects across the Baltic Sea region. In particular, the know-how comes from Interreg Baltic Sea Region’s EFFECT4Buildings, LowTemp, AREA 21, Co2mmunity, Act Now, BEA-APP, RDI2CluB; but also HORIZON 2020’s HERON, SIM4NEXUS, ENLARGE, and ARCEE funded by EuropeAid.