Innovative management solutions for minimizing emissions of hazardous substances from urban areas in the Baltic Sea Region
The Interreg project NonHazCity enabled nine municipalities around the Baltic Sea to develop their chemical action plans for hazardous substances entering the Baltic Sea, and trained dozens of small businesses and households to reduce their emissions.
Water Management in Baltic Forests
The project WAMBAF provided tools for authorities and planners, forest enterprises, hunters and forest owners to better manage drainage systems, riparian forests and beaver activity in forests, and in doing so to keep clean waters flowing from forests to the Baltic Sea.
Interactive WAter MAnagement
The Interreg project IWAMA equipped waste water managers with new audit tools and a durable platform for life-long learning and exchange so that they can better protect our environment, in particular by optimising the energy use and sludge management of waste water treatment plants.
MARELITT Baltic - Reducing the impact of marine litter in the form of Derelict Fishing Gear (DFG) on the Baltic Sea environment
The Interreg project MARELITT Baltic developed a sustainable strategy for national authorities around the Baltic Sea to manage derelict fishing gear, which is marine litter with extensive hazardous effects on the marine ecosystem.
Reducing nitrogen loss from livestock production by promoting the use of slurry acidification techniques in the Baltic Sea Region
In the Interreg project Baltic Slurry Acidification, farmers around the Baltic Sea tested the technology of treating animal manure with acid to reduce ammonia emissions harmful to people and the environment, and to gain valuable fertilisers for their crops instead.
Water emissions and their reduction in village communities – villages in Baltic Sea Region as pilots
The Interreg project Village Waters produced comprehensive knowledge about technical solutions for cleaning waste water in the countryside and successfully made it available to municipal officials, home owners and companies - now they can improve the waste water treatment and comply with EU directives also where large waste water treatment facilities are missing.
Advanced manure standards for sustainable nutrient management and reduced emissions
Agriculture releases large amounts of nutrients into the Baltic Sea, with a significant amount of emissions from animal manure. In this project, policy makers, authorities, advisors, farmers and researchers create, test and implement tools to determine manure standards for farming practices and policy instruments. The new manure standards are to improve nutrient recycling and reduce nutrient inflow in the Baltic Sea.
Hazardous industrial chemicals in the IED BREFs
The Industrial Emissions Directive is the main instrument on the EU level to control hazardous substances that are released from industrial sites. However, its reference documents, or BREFs, currently lack specific information on certain hazardous substances. The project aims to close this knowledge gap so that industry and authorities can manage hazardous substances being released into the Baltic Sea better.
Clear waters from pharmaceuticals
Active pharmaceutical ingredients are active medicines, e.g. hormones, analgesics and antibiotics, that contaminate the water and marine life if disposed into the Baltic Sea. Following HELCOM’s status report on pharmaceuticals, partners from seven countries work on tools and recommendations for policy makers, authorities and municipalities to map sources and environmental concentrations of these ingredients and propose methods to reduce these harmful emissions.
Better Efficiency for Industrial Sewage Treatment
Industrial waste waters are a considerable challenge for municipal waste water treatment plants as they require special treatment and management. In this project, local water utilities, waste water treatment plants, industrial companies and permitting authorities elaborate and test guidelines and procedures for a more efficient management of industrial sewage.
Sustainable manure and nutrient management for reduction of nutrient loss in the Baltic Sea Region
A large share of the nutrient load into the Baltic Sea comes from industrial agriculture. More efficient manure management would reduce the negative impact of farming on the sea. The platform SuMaNu gathers and synthesises best practices and recommendations on nutrient management from the Interreg Baltic Sea Region projects Manure Standards and Baltic Slurry Acidification, as well as the BONUS project PROMISE and Interreg Central Baltic’s GreenAgri. Best practices and recommendations are translated for and made available to authorities, policy makers, advisors and farmers.
Platform on Integrated Water Cooperation
More coordinated water management across borders can improve the Baltic Sea environment. The Baltic Smart Water Hub connects water experts from companies, associations, authorities, academia and NGOs. The platform BSR WATER fills the hub with knowledge on the management of smart sludge, storm and waste water, manure and energy efficiency. BSR Water builds on the Interreg Baltic Sea Region projects IWAMA, Manure Standards, Village Waters, BEST and Baltic Blue Growth as well as Interreg Central Baltic’s iWater, NutriTrade, Blastic and Waterchain and South Baltic’s RBR.
Protecting Baltic Sea from untreated wastewater spillages during flood events in urban areas
The NOAH project improves spatial planning and the operation of urban storm water runoff and drainage systems in order to reduce pollution caused by extreme weather such as heavy rains and floods. NOAH develops a new layer for extreme weather events to be used in computer based modelling of drainage. By combining this modelling with traditional city planning techniques, municipal planning shifts from fragmented individual site based planning to a holistic approach covering the entire urban catchment.
Baltic Beach Wrack - Conversion of a Nuisance To a Resource and Asset
The CONTRA project compiles the knowledge required for sustainable management of beach wrack in the Baltic Sea Region and carries out case studies for beach wrack treatment. Beach wrack is organic material washed ashore, e.g. torn off sea grass or brown algae. It can cover Baltic Sea beaches for weeks after storms, rotting into a smelly soup and leaking nutrients back into the water. Managing beach wrack is an issue for local authorities and the tourism industry, in particular of the western and southern Baltic Sea.
Development of Sustainable (adaptive) peatland management by Restoration and paludiculture for nutrient retention and other ecosystem services in the Neman river catchment
The DESIRE project improves the management of drained peatlands around the Neman river to reduce their nutrient and greenhouse gas emissions. The Neman river basin serves as a model area for EU-Russia/non-EU cooperation. DESIRE rehydrates selected drained peatlands and establishes a sustainable form of land use. Such wetlands serve as filters for water running into the river. The project provides instruments and incentives for others to copy the approach, e.g. adapted river basin management plans and agri-environmental schemes.
Water driven rural development in the Baltic Sea Region
Targets for water quality set by national and international legislation such as the Water Framework Directive have not been met yet in many regions around the Baltic Sea. There seems to be a lack of capacity among local authorities to reach these targets and at the same time to develop competitive rural businesses. The WATERDRIVE project enhances local implementation practices for responsible water management by providing tools and training for about 20 rural communities.
FanpLESStic-sea – Initiatiatives to remove microplastics before they enter the sea
Microplastics must be stopped from entering the sea. They stem from many sources, including car tires, waste disposal, textiles and cosmetics. But there is a need to better understand the sources and pathways of microplastics when assessing the efficiency of measures to treat microplastics and improving policies. FanpLESStic-sea provides tools to municipalities, national policy makers, and water utilities to get to work. The project sets up a model to map local pathways of microplastics, pilots removal technologies and defines innovative governance frameworks to reduce microplastics.
Decision Aid for Marine Munitions - Practical Application
The Baltic Sea and Skagerrak contains a dark legacy of ca. 250 000 tons of dumped munitions, poisoning the marine environment. Thanks to the DAIMON project, maritime administrators and spatial planners, environmental agencies, coastguards and military are more aware of the risk. However, they do not sufficiently use newly developed tools for risk analysis, selection of remediation methods as well as environmental impacts assessment. The DAIMON 2 offers training in using the new tools and develops them further into standard operating procedures for the environmental impact assessment.
Water Management in Baltic Forests - Tool box
Forestry is a substantial source of the nutrient and hazardous substances inflow into the inland waters and the Baltic Sea. This negative impact can be reduced by better maintenance of drainage systems, management of riparian forests and beaver populations. Good practices and tools for the forestry to improve the water quality were developed in the WAMBAF project. Now, the WAMBAF Tool Box adapts the tools to ensure they are better used among wider groups of forest enterprises, managers, planners, hunters, land owners and authorities.
Capitalizing key elements of NonHazCity: empowering private and professional users for better risk management and use reduction of chemical products in their cities
Hazardous substances are widely used in home and work environments, and remain a considerable source of pollution of the Baltic Sea waters. Practical tools for household checks and business inventories, as well as chemical action plans for municipalities, were developed by the NonHazCity as a means to cut down on the emissions. NonHazCity 2 helps to implement the available tools wider. The exchange on smart procurement practises allows decision makers, suppliers and end-users to choose wiser and improve their chemical assortment.
Clear waters from pharmaceuticals extension stage
Active pharmaceutical ingredients are active medicines, e.g. hormones, analgesics and antibiotics, which still reach the Baltic Sea via wastewater treatment plants. In CWPharma 2, water authorities and operators of wastewater treatment plants apply guidelines developed in CWPharma in practice. They conduct checks and run feasibility studies and pilots to test more effective methods for removing pharmaceuticals from wastewater.