42 outputs found
2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
ALLIANCE
ALLIANCE integrated service offer for blue biotechnologie

This brochure depicts the services that the ALLIANCE network of experts in the blue biotechnology sector offers to start-ups, small and medium enterprises and academic institutions: connecting the right actors and resources throughout the BSR. This offer includes case mentoring, finding suitable partners, marketing, legal and financial advice.

2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
Baltic Blue Growth
Plan your mussel farm: operational decision support platform

Using this platform, regional and national authorities as well as future Baltic mussel farmers can assess the optimal locations for mussel farms and their expected environmental impacts. The platform combines spatial modelling of environmental parameters (e.g. to determine the mussel growth potential) and mussel farm related ecosystem services (e.g. nutrient extraction services) with spatial data related to marine resources usages. The system covers fishery, eutrophication, shipping and nature conservation, which makes it possible to quickly identify conflicts between the farms and other users.

3. Transport
3.4 Clean shipping
Go LNG
GO LNG platform

This online information platform is meant for stakeholders of LNG (liquefied natural gas) development from business and science. It provides access to industry news, to a business cluster and a scientific LNG competence center, which were set up within the GO LNG project.

The Baltic Sea region LNG cluster helps building LNG related partnerships and to establish international business models. The organization unites LNG related industry from around the Baltic Sea and serves as the networking platform for national LNG organizations.

Baltic Sea region LNG competence center is a network of scientific and business organizations which provides trainings on liquefied natural gas (LNG) for industry and public stakeholders. The network develops and promotes knowledge on LNG, will enable new research and competence development initiatives to support LNG infrastructure development in Baltic Sea region.

2. Natural resources
2.2 Renewable energy
BEA-APP
Transnational recommendations to improve spatial planning processes for renewable energy projects

These recommendations have been elaborated to help national, regional and local authorities responsible for energy and spatial planning to strengthen the commitment towards renewable energy projects in the Baltic Sea region. The recommendations are meant to improve the framework conditions for spatial planning of renewable energy projects.

The recommendations cover both technical and political aspects. A set of new and redeveloped criteria to be applied in spatial planning processes related to renewable energies is included. These criteria help the responsible bodies to better take into consideration the specific conditions and challenges related to spatial planning in renewable energies. This concerns not only the particular needs of stakeholder involvement but also legal, geographical, infrastructural and technical issues. The recommendations were compiled by the Ministry of Energy, Infrastructure and Digitalization Mecklenburg-Vorpommern based on experience in the transnational Interreg cooperation project BEA-APP.

2. Natural resources
2.2 Renewable energy
Baltic InteGrid
High Level Concept for the Baltic Offshore Grid

This concept contains the major findings of comprehensive and concerted studies on planning and implementing a meshed offshore wind grid in the Baltic Sea. The document informs political decision makers, operators of electric transmission systems and offshore wind industry about the current status, possibilities and challenges related to the implementation of a meshed Baltic offshore grid. It covers all relevant areas such as policy/regulation, planning, public acceptance, construction and technical matters as well as market conditions and supply chains. It is an excellent source of quality information and a practical guideline for the countries around the Baltic Sea.

2. Natural resources
2.3 Energy efficiency
Green PE
Transnational technology and product roadmap on advanced power electronics

This transnational technology and product road map assembles the most relevant information about the technological state-of-the-art and future capabilities of advanced power electronics and wide bandgap materials.

The roadmap is meant to help the power electronics industry (companies, consulting and financing, system providers, business development and support) and research institutions as well as policy makers and regulatory bodies to better understand the chances and barriers related to the market uptake of advanced power electronics as a means to facilitate revolutionary changes in power electronics.

The roadmap was compiled by the RISE Research Institutes of Sweden together with project partners from the research, business and industrial sector from Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden in the transnational Interreg cooperation project Green PE.

3. Transport
3.4 Clean shipping
GREEN CRUISE PORT
Green Cruise Port Action Plan 2030

The Action Plan sets up an overarching sustainability vision for the cruise tourism industry together with specific goals for its realisation. The Action Plan provides concrete and practical information on how to reduce negative ecological and social impacts of cruise port operations. Consequently, the Action Plan serves as an important tool and source of reference for the project partners and all others striving for a high level of sustainability. All measures in the Action Plan have been evaluated on the basis of two main criteria - impact on sustainability and efforts for implementation.

3. Transport
3.1 Interoperability
HAZARD
Hazard Seaport Risk Assessment Toolbox

The Seaport Risk Assessment Toolbox is a publication that compiled available standards and methods to identify, analyse and evaluate risks in and of seaports. Seaports are confronted with risks that may affect the operational, economic and technical dimensions. The types of safety, operational and environmental risks include, for example, leakages of hazardous materials, fires on passenger ships at port, oil spills in port areas as well as explosions of gases or chemicals. The toolbox developed under the leadership of Hamburg University of Technology enables port operators and rescue services to standardise risk management at seaports across the Baltic Sea.

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
EcoDesign Circle
Sustainability guide for (eco-)design

The Sustainability Guide is a website where companies, designers and lecturers at universities and art schools can find knowledge, tools and inspiration on how to work more sustainably in product and process design. The new website presents a wealth of eco-design related materials including business models for circular economy, principles of eco-design and cases of companies that have come far in applying eco-design in their work. You can find explanations of key design concepts such as design for longevity, practical check lists for product development, a series of explanatory videos and links to available information sources, e.g. on how to choose green materials. Designers in SMEs or others involved in product development can find out what it means to work in a circular instead of linear way.

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
Smart Blue Regions
New policy measures supporting Blue Growth - functional review of their selection, adaptation and uptake

The report analyses six regional blue growth research and innovation smart specialisation strategies (Blue RIS3) in Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Poland and Sweden. It explains common bottlenecks faced by the regions when developing and implementing RIS3, such as getting industry partners engaged in designing and implementing changes in regional strategies as well as conducting the evaluation and impact assessment of the results. The partners included measures to overcome these challenges, e.g. cluster-type initiatives, platforms for connecting business and technology, adequate state funding, internationalisation of complex projects. The report is of interest to regional and national administrations looking for inspirations on how to improve the implementation of their Blue RIS3

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
SEMPRE
Empowerment - a handbook on user involvmement in social service design and delivery

The Empowerment Handbook is made for social service providers who would like to develop new or improve existing social services with the active involvement of service end-users. It can guide social service providers in the practical application of empowerment methods. It describes when and how particular empowerment tools can be used, and it provides practical examples of working with vulnerable groups in rural areas which were tested within the SEMPRE project.

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
BSR Stars S3
Policy Brief: Innovation Ecosystems in the Circular Economy

This policy brief “Developing and Managing Innovation Ecosystems in the Circular Economy” outlines the main aims and features of a digital monitoring tool and makes recommendations for how to support the development and management of effective innovation ecosystems. For example, it highlights the importance of fostering a culture of open data sharing amongst key regional innovation actors.

3. Transport
3.1 Interoperability
Scandria®2Act
Pathway to the future – Scandria®2Act clean fuel deployment strategy

This strategy deals with alternative fuels and vehicles in Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden along the Scandinavian-Mediterranean transport corridor. It provides an overview of the current development of the market, as well as policies and incentive schemes available in the countries and regions along the corridor. It also formulates recommendations against the background of climate targets agreed at European and global scale. It contains valuable information mainly for decision makers at all levels. The strategy is unique in the sense that it presents an ambitious transnational corridor view instead of separated national or regional frameworks.

2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
Baltic Blue Growth
Factsheet: Advice for the future Baltic mussel farmer

Future mussel farmers can learn from this factsheet about the main factors that are important for a new start-up of mussel production in the Baltic Sea, such as water salinity and depth, placement, farming technologies, growth cycle and harvest period, production costs, and communication with neighbours.

 

 

2. Natural resources
2.2 Renewable energy
BEA-APP
Planning sustainable energy projects: Handbook on innovative stakeholder involvement and communication models

This handbook was developed within the BEA-APP project to support public and private bodies responsible for the planning and implementation of renewable energy projects in the Baltic Sea region to involve stakeholders in the planning of such projects in a sufficient way. Such early involvement of relevant stakeholders is crucial to avoid conflicts which delay or impair the project’s success, but often neglected in current planning processes.

The handbook provides a background of stakeholder attitudes towards renewable energy projects and to give an overview of factors triggering stakeholders´ acceptance or non-acceptance of renewable energy projects. It covers a practical step-by-step guidance for elaborating stakeholder involvement plans. It also includes hints for stakeholder mapping, direct and indirect interaction with stakeholders as well as for evaluation of stakeholder involvement. This makes the handbook a useful and reliable compilation.

2. Natural resources
2.2 Renewable energy
Baltic InteGrid
Baltic Offshore Grid Forum

The Baltic Offshore Grid Forum was created as a network of all relevant stakeholders from politics, industry and science that need to be involved to found a joint offshore electricity grid in the Baltic Sea. The forum continues the work of the Interreg project Baltic InteGrid and is the place of on-going discussions and initiatives aimed at implementing a meshed offshore wind grind in the Baltic Sea by 2050.

2. Natural resources
2.3 Energy efficiency
Green PE
Advanced power electronics pilot in e-mobility: inverter for racing cars

The Universities of Southern Denmark and of Latvia together with the company Converdan A/S carried out a pilot study dealing with inverters in car engines, exemplified by a racing cars. In racing cars, power electronics operate at their limits, which makes them good test objects for power electronics.

The pilot of the project Green PE showed that wide bandgap semiconductors in electric drives improve the overall system efficiency. The results of the pilot will be used by industrial companies, especially SMEs, research institutions and technology transfer organisations.

Reaching the ambitious goals related to e-mobility requires radically new vehicle electronics with components based on wide bandgap semi-conductors. These components help to optimise several parameters and product characteristics such as energy efficiency, design and power density. This leads in consequence to an increased applicability and usability that help to boost e-mobility.

3. Transport
3.4 Clean shipping
GREEN CRUISE PORT
Report: Onshore power supply for cruise vessels

The report sums up the opportunities and limitations for connecting cruise vessels to onshore power drawing upon a thorough analysis of the ports of Hamburg (Germany), Rostock (Germany), Tallinn (Estonia), Helsinki (Finland), and Bergen (Norway). Onshore power for vessels while in ports is one possible technology to avoid air and noise pollution from cruise vessels in cities. The report looks at the costs and benefits for vessel operators and ports related to establishment of onshore power supply. Based on the findings of this report, Green Cruise Ports partners can provide information to governments and local authorities on how to reduce barriers to onshore power for vessels.

3. Transport
3.1 Interoperability
HAZARD
Report: Communication and regulatory challenges in the Baltic Sea Region"

The report creates an overall picture of the communicational and regulatory challenges related to safety and security issues for major seaports in the Baltic Sea Region. This includes, e.g. challenges related to the different national/regional legal frameworks and to communication between different rescue authorities and between seaports . It suggests improvements to be made in the near future (five years’ time span) to mitigate emergencies and accidents in seaports. For example, the report revealed that one of the challenges in safety and security regulation is that interpretation of regulations is not uniform and, interpretation of regulations varies among the countries in the Baltic Sea region. EU directives and lower-level regulations could be more precise, and there could be more detailed interpretation directions included. The report was published by Turku School of Economics of the University of Turku.

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
EcoDesign Circle
Exhibition catalogue: Reconsider Design

The travelling exhibition “rECOnsider design” covered 30 eco-designed products available on the market in 2017. The products were arranged in four categories, namely “Learning - playing”, “Enabling moving”, “consuming – eating” , and “Dressing – wearing”.

The exhibition was put together by the International design Center Berlin and the German Environment Agency with support of design centres in Poland, Estonia, Finland and Sweden to raise awareness of eco-design among design professionals. The exhibition made visitors reflect about their daily habits in order to reduce their negative impacts on the environment without sacrificing the quality of the products. Between 2017 and 2019, the exhibition attracted some 20.000 visitors when it was displayed at the annual Gdynia Design Forum (Poland), the Arctic Design Week in Rovaniemi (Finland), the European Energy Forum campus in Berlin (Germany), as well as in Kaunas (Lithuania), Tallinn (Estonia), and Borås (Sweden).

The exhibition itself was entirely dismantled after its use, but the exhibition catalogue is still available for download in English with text versions in several other languages (German, Lithuanian, Polish and Swedish).

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
Smart Blue Regions
Evaluating, Monitoring and Benchmarking Blue Growth: Monitoring and Review System

This system supports regional and national administrations in monitoring and assessing their research and innovation smart specialisation strategies (RIS3) in the topic of blue growth. This review process compares real characteristics, needs and developments of the blue growth sector with the aims and priorities included in the RIS3 and its implementation programmes. This system includes eight modules that can be combined in a flexible way, depending on the regional needs and opportunities. Four modules analyse the content of the current RIS3 and ERDF operational programmes. The other four modules analyse the blue growth sectors important in the region. All in all, this system allows answering if the RIS3 fosters the development of the blue growth sectors in the region.

2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
ALLIANCE
ALLIANCE database for blue biotechnology

Here researchers from companies and institutes can find almost anything they need for their blue biotechnology research and product development, among others: laboratory equipment, laboratory surfaces, bacterial and fungal strains as well as marketing or product development specialists.

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
SEMPRE
Guidebook for Empowerment Training

This Guidebook for Empowerment Training is about building the empowerment competence of social service providers and covers different countries and contexts. It contains knowledge and experiences gained during practical pilots in countries around the Baltic Sea as well as numerous tips and guidance how to practice empowerment through action learning. The document provides concrete recommendations and tools to develop training modules that will lead to a change, development or improvement in the practice of social service delivery.

3. Transport
3.4 Clean shipping
Go LNG
Liquid Biogas Business Concept Field to Ferry

This report presents a business model concept for renewable shipping fuel from local resources in coastal communities in the Baltic Sea Region. It is based on a test case of using liquefied biogas (LBG) from the “green island” Samsø in Denmark within the GO LNG project.

The report analyses briefly the emerging market for both liquefied bio-methane for marine transport and the corresponding market for coastal communities to produce biogas and to concentrate the bio-methane in a liquid form either for heavy duty road traffic, for trains or for ferries.

The Samsø Field to Ferry business concept is perhaps a one‐of‐a‐kind case, but inspiration can be taken for other localities with similar aims and options. The report combines the biogas planning manual from Denmark with a generalized business concept model and ideas of crowdfunding into a conceptual model for other coastal communities.

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
BSR Stars S3
Visualisation tool for circular economy innovation ecosystem

The “Visualisation tool for a circular economy innovation ecosystem” is an online software that compiles data about a circular economy ecosystem. It converts the data into a user-friendly form which shows key actors within the ecosystem and how they interlink. The software uses open data but can also process data from other information sources and is constantly updated with real-time data. The prototype visualizes the circular economy innovation ecosystem of Tampere Region in Finland. The tool is currently password protected and people interested can obtain access upon request.

The tool creates the basic information needed to build up an overview of the local circular economy. For instance, it will be possible to monitor different circular economy sub-ecosystems, such as those that focus on e.g. textile circulation or fertilizers.

3. Transport
3.1 Interoperability
Scandria®2Act
Multimodal corridor system report

The report has been developed by regions, universities and stakeholders of multimodal transport such as port authorities to obtain a picture of multimodal transport along the Scandria®Corridor. It provides an understanding of how transport between Scandinavia and the European mainland is currently handled. It is based on extensive studies carried out in Sweden, Norway and Germany. The report estimates the potential for a shift between transport modes and provides recommendations on how to foster a modal shift. It is a valuable information source for multimodal service providers but also for political decision makers mainly at national and regional level.

2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
Baltic Blue Growth
Report: Common methodological approach on addressing mussel farms in maritime spatial plans

The report supports maritime spatial planners from national, regional and local levels to run a planning process for establishing mussel farms in the Baltic Sea. It includes a description of several series of basic steps from “organizing stakeholder participation” to “defining and analysing existing and future conditions” as well as “monitoring and evaluating performance”.

2. Natural resources
2.2 Renewable energy
Baltic InteGrid
Recommendations to the Ten-Year Network Development Plan (TYNDP) on the development of a Baltic Offshore Grid

These recommendations about establishing a concerted meshed offshore electricity grid in the Baltic Sea region are based on the findings from the transnational cooperation project Baltic InteGrid. They condense in a single place the full knowledge and analytical results developed within the project. They reflect case studies and experts’ opinions based on very precise offshore wind energy projects and interconnectors. They also name the potential in terms of future development of projects.

These recommendations target one of the most important stakeholders in the field of wind energy: the European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E). ENTSO-E represents 43 electricity transmission system operators from 36 countries across Europe. In its Ten-Year Network Development Plan (TYNDP), ENTSO outlines how the electricity nets in the EU need to be developed over the next 10 years in order to meet the energy consumers’ needs. The content of these recommendations was presented to ENTSO-E’s in the light of the next Ten-Year Network Development Plan (TYNDP).

2. Natural resources
2.3 Energy efficiency
Green PE
Brochure: Green power electronics

This brochure summarises on 16 pages the key findings of the transnational Interreg project "Power Electronics for Green Energy Efficiency" (Green PE), including pilot projects within electromobility, smart houses and renewable energies. Project partners make statements on power electronics and on the collaboration within the project. 

3. Transport
3.4 Clean shipping
GREEN CRUISE PORT
Study: Common standards in the measurement of economic effects by cruise tourism

Despite the importance that cruise tourism gained in recent years, there are still few studies that attempt to quantify its economic impact. This study elaborated by Green Cruise Port project looks into the economic impact of cruise tourism, in particular at the regional and local levels. Providing data about the impacts of cruise tourism at cruise port locations gives stakeholders a possibility to compare the economic effects of cruise tourism in different cruise port locations. This enables them to make sound investment decisions for in cruise port infrastructure.

3. Transport
3.1 Interoperability
HAZARD
Transport and logistics in the Baltic Sea region by 2030: A Foresight Study

The study maps the outlook for transport and logistics in the Baltic Sea region by the year 2030. Several factors anticipated to affect the region’s competitiveness by 2030 were identified, of which the most important ones are the growing importance of environmental aspects in conducting business, significant technological advances, increasing taxation and regulation, increasing prevalence of cyber threats, and a shortage of skilled blue-collar labour. The study is based on data surveying a multinational expert panel of 96 participants from the Baltic Sea region. It was published by Turku School of Economics of the University of Turku.

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
EcoDesign Circle
Ecodesign Audit

EcoDesign Audit is a diagnostic tool to integrate design thinking and circular economy requirements into an organisation’s product and service development process, in particular for small and medium sized enterprises. It follows a defined procedure described in the EcoDesign Audit Manual. The EcoDesign Audit helps any organization to analyse its current design capacity, strategy, practices and product/service development approaches. The audit recommendations will help the organisation to establish the basis for moving forward with product, service and business development. Recommendations may be further developed and implemented with EcoDesign Sprint. EcoDesign Audit has been developed by the Estonian Design Centre in cooperation with the Sustainable Design Lab of the Estonian Academy of Arts.

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
Smart Blue Regions
Identifying Blue Growth cooperation opportunities - a Baltic Sea region wide study

The study guides blue growth public and private actors interested in developing a cooperation project in the Baltic Sea region. It presents blue growth focus areas, actors and resources based on the analysis of blue RIS3 of six partner regions from DE, EE, FI, LV, PL, and SE. Three common focus areas were identified as machinery & technology, energy and life science & blue medicine. The study analysed the following blue growth actors: business support organisations, higher education institutions and research institutes. Thematic ideas for cooperation resulted in such topics as shipping, offshore wind energy, blue biotechnology, health tourism, lack of skilled workers.

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
SEMPRE
Organisational roadmap for social service providers: Practiving user involvement

This Organisational Roadmap is meant to inspire and guide leaders of social service providers – public, private or third sector actors – to rethink their role in the social economy and to strengthen the involvement of service end-users in the work of their organisations. In the focus of the roadmap are co-creation principles in service development and design.

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
BSR Stars S3
Policy Brief: Inclusive Digitalization

This policy brief “Inclusive Digitalization in the Baltic Sea Region” examines whether inclusive digitalization is an important instrument for promoting regional growth and development in struggling rural areas in the Baltic Sea region. The brief highlights the potential benefits that digitalization can bring and the challenges faced in implementing an effective digital agenda in rural areas. The brief also provides key recommendations identifying possible initiatives and policies that may help local businesses achieve successful digital transformation. These recommendations are based on learnings and best practices from digitalization initiatives conducted in rural areas around the Baltic Sea region.

3. Transport
3.1 Interoperability
Scandria®2Act
Scandria®Alliance

The project Scandria®2Act eastablished the Scandria®Alliance as a think tank for experts aiming to foster a change in mobility towards a more integrated and sustainable system. The founding member were the regions Helsinki-Ussimaa, Skane, Örebro, Akershus/Eastern Norway County Network, Berlin-Brandenburg as well as the City of Turku. They concluded a cooperation agreement on issues related to the Scandria®Corridor that are relevant for the regions development; i.e. the deployment of clean fuels, the fostering of multimodal transport, the improvement of cross-border rail links as well as initiatives to digitalise transport services. The platform is open to further experts and regions, organising a regional dialogue on clean fuels, multimodal transport, cross-border infrastructure and digitalisation. Interested parties are invited to get into contact.

2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
Baltic Blue Growth
Report: How to turn Ecosystem Payments to Baltic Mussel Farms into reality?

Mussel farming can be used as one measure to reduce eutrophication of the Baltic Sea locally. This report addresses a wide circle of experts, including policy-makers, working with water quality issues and nutrient uptake from the sea. It explores how mussel farmers can receive payments for the provision of ecosystem services, e.g. nutrient recycling, habitats, water purification. The authors conclude that in the short run a ‘one size fits all scheme’ may be unrealistic. Ecosystem service payments for mussel farms should be tailored to the specific regional characteristics, where a mussel farm is situated.

3. Transport
3.4 Clean shipping
GREEN CRUISE PORT
Technical study: Sustainable energetic solutions for the cruise terminal building in Northern climate

The purpose of this study is to analyze the possibility of employing sustainable solutions at the cruise terminal built by Port of Tallinn. The study defines criteria for designing a sustainable terminal which are applicable to other plans for cruise terminal buildings. It describes technical solutions, e.g. for heating, cooling, automation, lighting etc.

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
EcoDesign Circle
EcoDesign Sprint

EcoDesign Sprint is a training programme intended for SMEs and design agencies interested in the possibilities of circular economy. The primary goal of EcoDesign Sprint is to develop the business of SMEs and create more sustainable products and services for them. Another goal is to provide the participants with in-depth knowledge on the possibilities and business models of the circular economy. EcoDesign Sprint has been developed by the Design Forum Finland and is described in the booklet “Introduction to Ecodesign sprint.”

1. Innovation
1.3 Non-tech innovation
SEMPRE
Brochure: Co-creating Social Services. A compilation of 26 service user driven micro projects in the Baltic Sea Region

The 26 micro projects presented in this brochure serve as an inspiration for social service providers, public authorities, NGOs and service user groups who are looking for modern ways to provide social services. In each micro-project, the service users were involved in the design and implementation of new social services that respond to the needs of disadvantaged people living in rural areas. This brochure illustrates how empowerment tools can be successfully used to initiate co-creation processes.

1. Innovation
1.2 Smart specialisation
BSR Stars S3
Policy Brief: Industrial Symbiosis

The policy brief “Industrial Symbiosis in the Baltic Sea Region” describes current practices and guidelines for new initiatives of industrial symbiosis. Industrial symbiosis is the process by which wastes or by‐products of an industry or industrial process become the raw materials for another. Industrial symbiosis is promoted as vitally important moving towards a circular economy by helping industries and businesses cooperate.

2. Natural resources
2.4 Blue growth
Baltic Blue Growth
Factsheet: A trial of feeding poultry on blue mussels

The factsheet sums up the project’s studies on turning mussel meal into poultry feed. The factsheet is interesting for mussel and chicken farmers, and feed producers looking for new opportunities to develop their businesses. The partners concluded that mussel-based feed for poultry was an interesting raw material. The factsheet includes several recommendations for the future development of such a business case.